critical Democratic values

Identify and discuss the critical Democratic values and ideas upon which the Framers were basing their interpretation of Federalism. Explain the interpretations/models of federalism and intergovernmental relations as presented by Grodzins, Derthick, McGuire and Wright. What are the key similarities and differences among these interpretations?
Course Topics, Readings, and Assignments (in sequence):
Introduction; Syllabus Review; Defining the Contours of Federalism
American Intergovernmental Relations: An Overview (p. 1)
Area 1: Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations
Historical & Theoretical Perspectives (p. 33)
Grodzins, The Federal System (p. 37)
Wright, Models of National, State & Local Relations (p. 47)
Derthick, The Paradox of the Middle Tier (p. 62)
McGuire, Intergovernmental Management: A View from the Bottom (p. 76)
Area 2: Legal Aspects of Intergovernmental Relations (p. 83)
The Constitution of the United States (Excerpts) (p. 85)
Madison, Federalist No. 39 (p. 90)
Diamond, What the Framers Meant by Federalism (p. 96)
Christensen and Wise, Dead or Alive: The Federalism Revolution and Its Meaning for Public Administration
5. Can running a deficit actually be good? How? When?